Aquarium “Sea World”
Aquarium “Sea World” was founded on October 2, 1992. when the governor of Jakarta, Mr. Vyogo Atmodarminto, laid the foundation stone to mark the start of construction of houses for underwater inhabitants. Today, “Sea World” is the largest aquarium in Southeast Asia. The building with surrounding buildings and territories covers an area of more than three hectares, only one main building – is about 4.5 thousand sq. M of multiple exposures.
The concept of the aquarium is rooted in the mentality of the maritime power in the world, which consists of more water than land. The thread of the 17,000 Indonesian islands stretches more than 5,000 kilometers and forms the coastline of 81,000 kilometers, fringed by coral reefs, famous for its biological diversity. Aquarium “Sea World” is a window wide open, giving everyone an opportunity to see with their own eyes and learn more about the precious and fragile marine life in Indonesia.
The main objective of the aquarium is very simple – to expand the horizons of visitors, entertaining them or providing appropriate educational programs. This is the first offshore development in Indonesia, which uses entertainment and educational concept based on what people can simultaneously watch or participate in underwater adventures, and improve their understanding of living beings and nature that will eventually lead to an understanding of their enduring role for the Environment medium. The mission of the aquarium is in three components: education, recreation and the environment.
The main aquarium sharks, rays and thousands of representatives of 351 species of animals are so close that they could be touched, if not walls 80-meter acrylic tunnel. For the convenience of visitors, the tunnel is equipped with a moving walkway. The area of the aquarium is 38 x 24 m, depth ranges from 4.5 to 6 m, and allows you to accommodate the volume of 5 million liters of seawater. Due to its size is the largest marine aquarium in Southeast Asia. The animals were fed daily with hands divers. View this fascinating spectacle can be at a specially organized show with a guide-lecturer through a large window in the room, which is called the amphitheater. On the second floor is an observation deck, which allows you to admire the main inhabitants of the aquarium top. Closer to communicate with the animals and feed them in the presence of personnel in the special pool. The main aquarium inhabited by dugongs, sea turtles, coral reef ecosystem is reproduced. Continue reading
Dangerous animals BLACK SEA
Black Sea: it has long drawn people to him. Every year on the “shores of Tauris” rush to hundreds of thousands of vacationers and tourists, absorbed only one purpose: to quickly plunge into the gentle waves of the Black Sea affable. But unfortunately, not all the guests of our peninsula, and some Crimeans know that the sea is not always hospitable and affectionate. Often, careless bather in the water could pose trouble, not only related to dangerous storm surges, pitfalls, great depths, but also with some representatives of marine fauna.
Very often, a few meters from the shore, the fishermen on the hook catches scary-looking, brown-brown, 10 – 20 cm long fish. All of her head, with large dull eyes, covered with thorns and spines, and spotted back crowns a prickly fin. This famous seaside ruff or scorpion fish. He lives usually on rocky ground, scoring under large rocks and in crevices of the rocks, where waiting for prey – a small fish. Take up the ruff is unsafe, as the spinal cord and its poisonous spines gill, which brings about a shot, though short-lived, but quite painful.
Sometimes on a deserted shallow water with a sandy bottom, you can find a large (up to six meters) fish, having flattened, rhomboid
shaped body, ending a long thin tail. It stingrays or sea cat. At the end of his tail bone spike is white with lots of small nicks on the edges blurry poisonous slime. If you accidentally step on peacefully in the water lying on the sand slope, he can hit the hapless swimmer up your spine than the causes ragged, long non-healing wounds. The victim feels a lot of pain, and then may start vomiting, heart palpitations, muscle paralysis, and sometimes death. Of interest is one of the first literary mention of stingrays off the coast of the Crimea, represented by well-known traveler AP Sumarokov and referring to the 1803 “: From the notes of marine animals sea worthy males armed with tail three inches on either side of the island of small and cunning piloyu, which they are approaching people to cause them deep wounds to the bone, causing several soldiers came recently retired mutilated. “. Continue reading
Hazardous freshwater fish world
Hazardous fish. Recently saw a program on National Geographic about dangerous to humans and fish decided to look on the Internet about this information. Here are a few representatives of this unfriendly company.
Piranha – fish from the family of tetras, subfamily piranha. Habitat rivers and reservoirs in South America. Piranha reach a length of 80 cm and a weight of up to 1 kilogram. Colour in adults olive-silver with purple or red shade and along the edge of the caudal fin runs clear, black border. The structure of the jaws and teeth piranha allows pull out of large chunks of carcass flesh.
Piranha teeth have a triangular shape and a height of 3-5 mm at the closing of the jaws, the teeth of the upper and lower jaw includes exactly into the grooves between them. As a result, pieces of flesh like a razor cut from the carcass. A displacement of the jaws when in a horizontal position, with ease piranha snack veins and even bone. Adult piranha can easily bite a human finger or a stick.
Piranhas are very hungry, and as described by Alfred Bram could easily pounce on prey, which by its size 10 times greater than those voracious predators. He saw with his own eyes piranha attack on an adult crocodile that, or flees, or flipped on its back
and protects his belly. There is one consolation – not all of these bloodthirsty piranhas. Among them are herbivorous species. Continue reading