Hazardous predatory fish
Hazardous predatory fish: barracuda and moray
Moray – a fish that likes to hunt in the coral reefs. It has no paired fins and gill covers, and it looks more like a snake than a fish, but it belongs to the order of the animal eel fish bone.
Moray inhabit the seas around the world, where the water temperature is right for them. Incredibly, the maximum recorded length of the body eels amounted to almost 4 meters. Although these fish are not the sharpest vision, they always find their prey. Their sense of smell is four times larger than the dog. Size eels varies depending on the species to which they belong, some moray eels the size of a man’s hand, while others reach 3 meters in length. Although the skin of the fish scales is not protected, it is not in danger, get hurt by sharp edges of reefs, her body covered with a thick layer of mucus, and it protects the fish from external damage.
Despite the more modest size of these predators, their way of constantly open and close the jaws, it looks pretty scary. Although in reality, this habit is not associated with intimidation and breathing moray eels, opening her mouth, she chases through the gills, oxygen-rich water. However, if your mouth is still open, you have to be careful, moray easily goes into the attack, immediately shut the mouth.
Watching moray eels, which can be found in her powerful and crooked teeth. The bite of this fish is very dangerous, its teeth are not only extremely sharp, but still very dirty, so moray bite can cause severe inflammation. In addition, they are also serrated, one bite and the victim does not escape.
Flexible, muscular body moray eels can squeeze into the narrow crevice. Moray prefer to hide in caves and crevices among the coral reefs, and usually leave their shelter only at night to hunt. During the day, you can see only his head sticking out of the shelter of the fish, as a rule, it all their lives enjoy the same cave. Larger moray eels can be several such shelters, sometimes at a distance of 200 meters from each other. Often in the company of moray eels live fish cleaners, moray opens his mouth and cleaner removes food debris stuck between her teeth, it is mutually beneficial alliance, and moray eel does not eat them. This fish prefers to eat at night and enjoyed the cover of darkness to catch the sleeping prey. But sometimes the afternoon she was too hungry to ignore all these swarming around specialties.
Moray rather shortsighted, but they have a sense of smell, it is better not to mess with them. A large area of the inner surface of the nose makes them extremely sensitive to smells. During the night hunting a heightened sense of smell compensates for the shortcomings of view, so that for safety, other fish is better to stay away from coral reefs.
There are other predators that like to hunt in the reefs. This predator distinguish lightning attack and manner of swimming like flying arrows – it is a barracuda. With a body length of 30 cm and, in rare cases, 2 meters. barracuda inferior in size to other marine hunters, but this is compensated by the speed of movement. It is like an arrow, extreme slim and streamlined body, allowing it a short distance, go twice as fast motorboat. Mouth has a huge barracuda teeth, mainly located in the lower jaw. Sharp scissors, teeth pierce deeply into the flesh of the victim and cause serious injury. These silvery, rapid creation, master of observation, they have excellent eyesight, they have a great capacity for orientation, even in muddy water, it helps them easily find their prey.
About reproduction barracuda is little known. Like most bony fishes, they toss the eggs into the water where the larvae then turn into adults. Adult barracuda would not be satisfied with a minor point, but prefers to hunt for mackerel in the open sea. These rapid fish can catch even the young tuna. Barracudas are found not only in the Pacific but also in tropical and subtropical seas, and were seen even in the Mediterranean.
Barracudas are very fast and deadly predators that are quite common in the world. Compared to other predators, their main weapon – the speed and the suddenness of the attack. Even if we sometimes want to be a victim of this killer eluded, barracuda important facet diversity of the underwater world. And we are lucky to have such skilled hunters live in our oceans.