Catfish ordinary or as it is called Europe – quite a big fish, which belongs to the family of catfish. For the most part, this fish lives in the bottom portion of all freshwater. Most catfish population lives in the basins of the Caspian, Aral, Black and Azov seas.
Catfish – the largest freshwater fish
Catfish medium size reaches a length of about 3 meters and can weigh up to one and a half kilograms. It is the largest of freshwater fish. Features soms no adipose fin and the absence of spines on the unpaired fins. The characteristic mustache above the upper jaw, are the hallmark of catfish.
Painting catfish – brown with a variation of shades from dark brown to greenish brown. In addition, the habitat also affects the color of fish. Depending on the habitat of catfish can be black, and pale yellow. A very rare species of fish – catfish Albino, which, though rare, is found in nature.
The main food is catfish fry, aquatic insects and crustaceans. More mature individuals eat shellfish, freshwater and other small fish. And the biggest catfish can be fed even pets and waterfowl. Carrion fish also does not disdain.
Life expectancy is less than KGS 35 years, although naukeizvestny and soma-centenarians, whose age is measured in tens of years.
Useful properties, caloric content and composition of meat catfish
mud catfish contains in its structure the whole list of vitamins, rich in vitamins A, C and E. Among the minerals that are found in meat catfish, can be identified zinc, magnesium, fluorine, cobalt, manganese, chromium, copper, potassium and iron.
It is thanks to its high content in the fish of essential acids and proteins catfish meat is considered a very tasty and nutritious. However, with all this calorie catfish is not great – 100 grams. Fish accounts for only 115 calories. This amount of calories enables us to determine the catfish fillets in the category of dietary products.
Most catfish is popular among pregnant women, among parents of young children and in people with weak immune systems. Low calorie, high nutrient density catfish and a variety of trace elements help strengthen weakened body, to regain strength and energy balance. Dietitians been proven that eating catfish helps improve the condition of hair, nails and skin, as well as a positive effect on the general nervous system.
Methods of preparing catfish
Fresh fish carcass, except for good taste and energy of abundance has also excellent properties, which, no doubt, appreciate any chef: fish scales easily separated from the skin and the meat is almost no bones. Such fish, without a doubt, it is very easy to cook. To do this, just cut off the head and fins from the carcasses, gut paunch. After such simple procedures for fish is only cut into portions.
Often accompanied by the smell of the carcass catfish slime. That he often becomes a reason for not eating catfish fillet food. Get rid of the smell can be a simple way: bear carcass in lemon juice for an hour or in milk for a couple of hours.
Another excellent feature of the fish – it is possible to vary the caloric content of dishes prepared from it. Fat is unevenly distributed on the carcass. Calories in the rear is much more than in the area near the head, the tail part of a nutritious, fat and juicy. That is why of it is prepared for the most part and salmon cakes with catfish. The head is part of the most suitable for making soup.
Of the rest of the parts make excellent burgers, kebabs, stew and other dishes. Calories may also be different, and depending on the method of preparation: the people who look after their health and weight recommended to cook catfish steamed, baked without oil or simply boiled. The rest of you can just enjoy the fried or smoked catfish with sour cream and various sauces.