Dangerous inhabitants of the Black sea
Hazardous inhabitants of the Black Sea
And yet, some sea creatures to be feared near the coast of the Crimea? Represent a threat to several species of fish and jellyfish.
Jellyfish Aurelia has the form of a flat umbrella with a diameter of 10 – 20 cm. Around the edges of which are numerous threadlike tentacles. Rhizostoma – larger jellyfish dome with a diameter of up to 40 – 50 cm. Which departs from 8 large processes. Jellyfish tentacles are equipped with so-called stinging cells; by touching that person receives a burn on both nettles, traces of which are stored in the body for several hours.
The most painful sensations occur when the burn mucous takaney. In the coastal waters of the Crimea is most common is Rhizostoma. Especially many of these jellyfish observed in August.
Marine ruff – a brownish-brown fish, preferring mostly rocky bottom and rocks. Medium size – 10-20 cm. Eleven rays anterior dorsal, one ventral and anal fins have three poisonous glands that produce the toxin. The fish lives on the bottom. At a depth of several meters. In the crevices of rocks. Himself anyone not attacking, but it is very convenient target for marine rifle. Slow-moving, the ear of a Succulent.
Be careful to spearfishing. Do not touch the fins and prickly thorns, located on the back of the fish.
Prick them brings, though short-lived, but quite painful. Poison may have a fever.
The most toxic venom of sea perch in the early spring.
Most of all have to fear a relatively small fish called the sea dragon. also called sea-core tip, scorpion, snake. This brownish-yellow fish, something like a bull, up to 35 cm. In length. This bottom fish that often buries itself in the mud, and notice it is almost impossible. First dorsal fin bears thorns; on each gill cover – also spike; at the base of the spikes – venom glands. Depending on the depth of injection and quantity of fish posedstviya lesions may be different.
There is a sharp pain, increasing to a maximum of half an hour. In the pricks the skin swells, and sometimes it can get to the tissue necrosis. Soon the symptoms of general poisoning: headache, pain in the heart, impaired breathing, paralysis of limbs, loss of speech. In the most severe cases, death occurs.
Usually, however, the outlook for the life and health is favorable. The pain lasts until the day, swelling up to ten days, and a general malaise about a month.
Stingrays (sea cat) has the shape of a rhombus flat sizes up to 80 cm long, thin tail, equipped with a sharp serrated poisonous spine (sometimes two or three). Sea cat, on the contrary, is very dangerous.
Stingrays prefers sandy bottom, shallow water loves. Burrowing in the sand, sea cat becomes virtually invisible to the human eye. Most swimmers take his butt and trying to catch.
In an emergency, for example if you grab the hand stingray or accidentally step on it, it is lightning strikes from the horny tail barb at the end, and injects into the wound strongest yad.Bol quickly amplified and 5-10 min becomes unbearable. Local effects (swelling, redness), accompanied by fainting, dizziness, cardiac abnormalities, and even partial paralysis. Usually 5-7 days the victim is recovering, but the wound heals much later.
If a burn from the tentacles of jellyfish can endure, in the above case of defeat poisonous fish should try to suck the venom out of the wound, do not forget it spits. Next, clean the wound and disinfect it (will approach 5% solution of potassium permanganate). Then you need to apply on the affected area a sterile bandage and take painkillers. All the rest – it is a doctor, to which should be addressed as soon as possible.
Black Sea described poisonous animals are not aggressive and never attack the person themselves. As a rule, injuries occur as a result of careless touching them while swimming, diving or movements of shoals.