Dangerous animals Crimea
Dangerous animals BLACK SEA
Black Sea: it has long drawn people to him. Every year on the “shores of Tauris” rush to hundreds of thousands of vacationers and tourists, absorbed only one purpose: to quickly plunge into the gentle waves of the Black Sea affable. But unfortunately, not all the guests of our peninsula, and some Crimeans know that the sea is not always hospitable and affectionate. Often, careless bather in the water could pose trouble, not only related to dangerous storm surges, pitfalls, great depths, but also with some representatives of marine fauna.
Very often, a few meters from the shore, the fishermen on the hook catches scary-looking, brown-brown, 10 – 20 cm long fish. All of her head, with large dull eyes, covered with thorns and spines, and spotted back crowns a prickly fin. This famous seaside ruff or scorpion fish. He lives usually on rocky ground, scoring under large rocks and in crevices of the rocks, where waiting for prey – a small fish. Take up the ruff is unsafe, as the spinal cord and its poisonous spines gill, which brings about a shot, though short-lived, but quite painful.
Sometimes on a deserted shallow water with a sandy bottom, you can find a large (up to six meters) fish, having flattened, rhomboid
shaped body, ending a long thin tail. It stingrays or sea cat. At the end of his tail bone spike is white with lots of small nicks on the edges blurry poisonous slime. If you accidentally step on peacefully in the water lying on the sand slope, he can hit the hapless swimmer up your spine than the causes ragged, long non-healing wounds. The victim feels a lot of pain, and then may start vomiting, heart palpitations, muscle paralysis, and sometimes death. Of interest is one of the first literary mention of stingrays off the coast of the Crimea, represented by well-known traveler AP Sumarokov and referring to the 1803 “: From the notes of marine animals sea worthy males armed with tail three inches on either side of the island of small and cunning piloyu, which they are approaching people to cause them deep wounds to the bone, causing several soldiers came recently retired mutilated. “.
But neither scorpionfish or sea cat does not represent a danger to humans, which has inconspicuous brownish-yellow fish, called sea dragon. At first glance it could be mistaken for the famous bull over the sea, with the only difference that the dragon is located on the back fin spines which are highly toxic. This fish is the most dangerous of the Black Sea, a prick of thorns which is equivalent to a poisonous snake bite much. Sea dragon lives on the sandy bottom, and often buries itself in the sand, exposing the surface of the ground only eyes. Yad it is so strong that in some cases a person, death can occur.
Scorpio, the ramp-hvostkol and sea dragon, though are dangerous, are rare. They will never be where a lot of people bathed, and as a rule, do try to avoid meeting with the person. It is quite another thing – the jellyfish. There is hardly a person who, having never seen the sea jellyfish. In the Black Sea there are two kinds of them: Aurelia and Rhizostoma. Aurelia has a flat umbrella-shaped with a diameter of 10 – 20 cm. Around the edges of which are numerous threadlike tentacles. Rhizostoma – larger jellyfish dome with a diameter of up to 40 – 50 cm. Which departs from 8 large processes. Jellyfish tentacles are equipped with so-called stinging cells; by touching them as a person gets a burn on the nettles, traces of which are stored in the body up to several hours. Interestingly, one of the first scientists who have devoted their works Crimea KI Gablitsl in his book “The physical description of Taurian area”, which was published in 1785, mentions the Black Sea jellyfish as: plants. “Water plant these things. Consists of white, transparent, vibrating like a jelly substance. The outline is similar to oborochennuyu bowl, and top in the middle it has a thick stem.” Medusa Aurelia he calls “the heart of the sea” and Rhizostoma – “sea lard.”
All the other animals living in the Black Sea does not represent a significant danger to human life and health. So bathe on health nezhtes under the warm Crimean sun, breathe in the healing power of the Black Sea breeze – and you will never regret the time spent here: in a small earthly paradise with a sonorous name “Crimea”.