Breeding fish in garden ponds
Fish – Breeding fish in garden ponds.
Breeding fish in garden ponds.
Many owners of ponds are dreaming about the opportunity to stay in your pond fish. When translating this vision into reality can not forget about the strict rules. We offer you advice from experienced fish farmers.
Choice of fish:
Goldfish quite unpretentious, but because of its slowness, can easily fall prey to cats. Mostly it refers to such species as veiltail and telescopes. In addition, black telescopes spectacular aquarium, lost in a pond.
Fans of clear water would have to abandon koi. They, like all cyprinids, eagerly digging the ground. Before buying these beautiful and expensive fish, make sure that you can provide them with special conditions. The surface area of the pond must be not less than 7.5 m2 and the depth of at least 1.2 m2.
If you settle in a pond carp or tench, then they exist you only have to guess: These fish feed on the bottom and there spend most of their time. When buying fish, choose their appearance. Experts identify healthy fish on erect dorsal fin, bright color eye, integrity and mobility scales.
Never buy fish with white spots on the scales. Fish bought in the late spring – early summer. Better to buy fish of medium size (8-12 cm). Buy multiple copies of the same species, because in solitude fish behave restlessly.
Just purchased the fish can not be immediately let into the pond. The container or plastic bag in which they are imported, you need to drop into the pond. In sunny weather, cover the top newspaper. An hour later, unleashing a package and add in some water from the pond.
Leave the fish in the bag yet for ten minutes, then gently let in the pond. Usually fish for several days running, hiding among plants. Pond fish ready for occupancy a month after planting in a plant.
The amount of fish in the pond:
It is important not overpopulated pond fish. In crowded pond water quickly deteriorates. The number of fish in the pond depends on the saturation of water with oxygen, which is associated with a surface area of the pond. 0.1 m2 surface of the water should fall 2.5 cm of fish body.
There is a rule: at least 50 liters of water to fish length of 10-15 cm. In calculating the amount of fish volume of water is not the main criterion, since a deep pond with a small surface will not absorb atmospheric oxygen as well as a small pond with large water mirror.
The depth of the reservoir is also essential, as in a deep lake conditions for wintering fish better and the water temperature in the summer is more stable. If the fish in the pond feel well, they can proliferate there, especially goldfish, giving plenty of offspring.
Usually the fish themselves, find enough food in the water: algae, duckweed, mosquito larvae, and all that lives on the bottom and in the soil. Just arranged pond poor food, and feed the fish need. Economical feeding is needed in the spring and summer, when fish are particularly active.
In the spring the fish should be fed more frequently than in the summer months, as the fish grows the need for vitamins. Koi can be trained there with his hands. Varieties of feed offered in specialty stores, contain the right amount all you need a pond to fish for a good development: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals.
Food certain varieties specially enriched air to be on the surface and not contaminate the bottom of the pond on decaying matter. Flakes have to give the fish as much as they can eat in 10 minutes. Otherwise, it falls to the ground, it will start to rot and muddy water. It is important not to overfeed fish.
During your vacation will find themselves fish for food. Some experts believe that in the summer do not have to feed the fish. When the water temperature below 6 ° C fish stop feeding: at this temperature, the fish falls half asleep and did not eat.